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And winner of the

Implementing Custom CGI Scripts

Our servers have the capability to run CGI scripts based on Perl, Unix SH, KSH, CSH, and C (NOT C++) languages. Perl is a our language of choice as it is a world standard and is well suited to CGI. In addition, Perl code does not require manual compilations whereas C code must be compiled* on our web servers prior to use.

If you have a custom CGI script that you need to use, simply upload it to your personal "cgi-local"

Here are some helpful tips to follow when installing scripts;

Shell Scripts

  1. Upload to your cgi-local directory to ensure proper file permission settings
  2. Upload in ASCII transfer mode (and NOT BINARY mode)
  3. The first line of each script must read: #!/bin/sh , #!/bin/csh or #!/bin/ksh based on whichever shell scripts you prefer using.
  4. Reference the script using /cgi-local (and NOT /cgi-bin)
  5. Always remember to include echo "Content-type: text/html\n\n"

Perl Scripts

  1. Upload to your cgi-local directory to ensure proper file permission settings
  2. Upload in ASCII transfer mode (and NOT BINARY mode)
  3. The first line of each script must read: #!/usr/local/bin/perl
  4. Use the Perl script checker in your Control Panel to check syntax.
  5. Reference the script using /cgi-local (and NOT /cgi-bin)
  6. Always remember to include print "Content-type: text/html\n\n"; or alternatively using the Perl module CGI.pm (If you do not, your scripts will not run and you will get an Internal Server Error message).
     
    use CGI qw(:cgi-lib :standard);
    print header();

 

If a script calls another file within your account, but the script does NOT require a URL, you need to use the system path. Instead of using the absolute path to your home directory ("/www26/web/someid"), you should instead use the DOCUMENT_ROOT environment variable ($ENV{DOCUMENT_ROOT} in Perl) to determine the path of your files or programs within a script.

e.g.

From:
/www23/web/yourid/data/fact.html

To:
$ENV{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/data/fact.html

 


The system path to the sendmail program on your server is
/usr/lib/sendmail

The system path to the date command is
/sbin/date


*** We can run only two C compilations for you. As such, we suggest Perl as an alternative scripting language. A work around may be available to seasoned C developers. C++ is NOT supported.

Other Resources
DOS based Perl editor
comp.lang.perl.misc
comp.infosystems.www.authoring.cgi

 

 

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